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The heritage house and the Jewish cemetery

Durmenach was an important Jewish agglomeration in the XNUMXth century. Most of the houses in the center were built by Jewish families between the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries.


In 1784, the Jewish population represented more than 54% of the population of the village. But the anti-Jewish riots of 1848, where 75 houses were set on fire, led to his exodus.

After the last war, only fifteen Jews returned to Durmenach. As is often the case in Alsace, the survivors of the Shoah found a devastated synagogue.

The Jewish community would disappear entirely because of the rural exodus. The Israelite consistory of Haut-Rhin sold the synagogue in 1959 to the Saint-Georges home association, which was inaugurated in 1964. The building was destroyed by fire in 1983.

At the present time, all that remains in the village landscape is the cemetery with more than XNUMX graves at the end of the rue de la Gendarmerie, and some traces of the old synagogue with three walls and a door and the rue de the synagogue to also commemorate this ancient Jewish community.

more the heritage house, symbol of the Jewish presence of Durmenach in the XNUMXth century, escaped demolition to become a unifying cultural symbol.
 
This small house of barely 40 m² was restored a few years ago by inhabitants anxious to preserve the history of the village, who mobilized, with the agreement of the municipal council, to give it new life, in the purest respect for local constructive traditions, in order to transform it into a heritage center which now houses the objects and documents collected over the years by the local historical society.
 

 

Description

Specific target audience
  • Families
Short comment:
Durmenach was, until the middle of the 19th century, one of the most important communities of the Haut-Rhin, the number of Jews exceeding that of Christian inhabitants. Anti-Jewish riots broke out there in 1789 and 1848. The community was the seat of a rabbinate from the end of the 18th century until 1910. It has completely disappeared today.
Type of place to visit
  • Museum and planetarium
  • Religious site
  • israelite site

Contact

3 place du Foyer
68480 Durmenach
WebsiteSee website

Information

DURMENACH TOWN HALL
8 Synagogue Street
68480 Durmenach
CallContact by phone

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